India is the world's biggest sugar producer and the second biggest exporter behind Brazil.
Reuters in March reported that India was planning to curb sugar exports to keep a lid on local prices and ensure steady supplies in the domestic market.
Lower sugar output in Brazil and high oil prices which encourage mills there to produce more sugarcane-based ethanol have spurred global price gains. Initially, India planned to cap sugar exports at 8 million tonnes, but the government later decided to allow mills to sell some more sugar on the world market as production estimates were revised upwards.
The Indian Sugar Mills Association, a producers' body, revised its output forecast to 35.5 million tonnes, up from its previous estimate of 31 million tonnes. Indian mills have so far signed contracts to export 8.5 million tonnes of sugar in the current 2021/22 marketing year without government subsidies.
Out of the contracted 8.5 million tonnes, mills have already dispatched around 7.1 million tonnes of the sweetener. L3N2XB1CM Shares in leading sugar mills such as Balrampur Chini BACH.NS, Dalmia Bharat Sugar DLMI.NS, Dhampur Sugar Mills DAMS.NS, Dwarikesh Sugar Industries DWAR.NS and Shree Renuka Sugars SRES.NS fell as much as 8% on Tuesday.
Traders, however, said the decision to allow mills to export 10 million tonnes would help the country sell a reasonably big quantity of sugar on the world market. "The limit of 10 million tonnes is fairly big, and both mills and the government will be happy with this," said a Mumbai-based dealer with a global trading firm. He didn't wish to be named in line with his company's policy. After exporting 10 million tonnes, India's sugar stocks on Oct 1, when the next 2022-23 season begins, would total 6 million tonnes, sufficient to cater to the country's festival season demand during the December quarter, the dealer said.