Pfizer, BioNTech seek US emergency nod for COVID-19 vaccine in adolescents

An undated photo provide by Cincinnati Children's Hospital shows Abhinav, 12, a participant in the Pfizer vaccine trial at Cincinnati Children’s Hospital. Pfizer and Moderna are testing their vaccines on children 12 and older and hope to have results by the summer. (Cincinnati Children's Hospital via The New York Times)
Pfizer Inc and its German partner BioNTech SE on Friday asked US regulators to allow the emergency use of their vaccine in adolescents aged 12 to 15.

The vaccine is currently authorised for emergency use in the United States for people aged 16 and up. The companies said on Friday that they requested an expansion of the authorisation from the US Food and Drug Administration to include the younger age group.

In March, the drugmakers said the vaccine was found to be safe, effective and produced robust antibody responses in 12- to 15-year olds in a clinical trial.

It is unclear how long the regulator will take to review the data from the trial, although US Centers for Disease Control director Rochelle Walensky told ABC news on Thursday that she expects the vaccine to be authorized for 12 to 15 year olds by mid-May.

It is also unclear whether the regulator will require a meeting of the independent advisory board that recommended the original authorization in order for the companies to receive the nod in the younger age group.

Moderna Inc and Johnson & Johnson are also testing their vaccines in 12- to 18-year olds, and data from Moderna's trial could come soon.

Pfizer and Moderna have also launched trials in even younger children, aged six months to 11 years old. Both companies have said they hope to be able to vaccinate children under 11 as soon as early 2022.

Inoculating children and young people is considered a critical step toward reaching herd immunity and taming the pandemic, according to many experts.

Pfizer and BioNtech said they plan to ask other regulatory authorities globally to allow the use of their vaccine in 12- to 15-year olds in the coming days.