Kazi Salahuddin Razu, bdnews24.com
Published: 2021-12-28 12:36:40 BdST
These saris remain in demand throughout the year due to their unique weave and design patterns. There is also a high demand for Jamdanis abroad. In 2013 the saris were recognised as a Geographical Indication product of Bangladesh by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.
Jamdani is a fine muslin cloth on which decorative motifs are woven on the loom using the discontinuous weft technique. Although the word Jamdani usually indicates saris, the designs were found on various types of clothing items, including the orna, kurta, turban, skirt, handkerchief and veil, during the Zamindar period.
A small shuttle of thread is used to weave Jamdani. Two weavers add discontinuous supplementary weft motifs separately by hand using a tool. The supplementary weft threads are interlaced into the warp with fine bamboo sticks in a zigzag manner using individual spools of thread.
The main feature of a Jamdani is its geometric design. Various kinds of designs, including plant and floral patterns, can be seen gracing the saris.
Two artisans work for 12 to 14 hours a day to make a Jamdani sari. It usually takes about seven days to make a complete sari, depending on the design. But some saris may take up to six months.
The price of a Jamdani sari ranges from Tk 3,000 to Tk 120,000 or more depending on the quality of the yarn and the quality of the work.
Jamdani saris are hand woven and so the designs are delicate and perfect. Compared to other saris, the designs on Jamdanis are finer.
Jamdani artisans spin every yarn by hand using a special technique and weave it perfectly. As a result, no part of the thread sticks out. It is very difficult to differentiate between the inner and the outer part of a sari due to the precise nature of the work.
The yarn used for making saris at Jamdani Palli comes from various parts of the country, but mainly from Tangail.