News Desk, bdnews24.com
Published: 2015-03-28 09:59:09 BdST
The human rights groups is calling for 'supply chain transparency through public disclosure' that has countries like Bangladesh and Cambodia in the sights.
“German clothing brands should promote respect for worker rights and safety by making their global supply chains transparent,” said Wenzel Michalski, Germany director at Human Rights Watch. “Adidas, a leading German brand, has been publicly disclosing its supplier list since 2007– demonstrating that transparency is both possible and desirable.”
In a recent report, 'Work Faster or Get Out: Labor Rights Abuses in Cambodia’s Garment Industry', Human Rights Watch documented lax Cambodian government enforcement of labour laws and the need for apparel brands to improve their monitoring and compliance.
For the report, Human Rights Watch examined labour practices in factories producing products for Adidas, Armani, Gap, H&M, Joe Fresh and Marks & Spencer among others.
A garment factory in Cambodia's Phnom Penh. Photo: Reuters
Workers on short-term contracts who tried to form unions or assert their rights were especially at risk of not having their contracts renewed.
Many apparel brands have not taken adequate steps to end this illegal use of short-term contracts in their Cambodian supplier factories – even where their supplier codes of conduct have clauses limiting their use.
By publicly disclosing and updating the names of suppliers, the garment brands enable public scrutiny of their supply chains, which in turn will help alert brands to poor working conditions and other human rights problems in their supplier factories, Human Rights Watch said.
The lack of transparency was evident following the collapse on April 24, 2013, of the Rana Plaza complex in Dhaka, Bangladesh, which housed a number of garment factories, killing more than 1,100 workers and injuring thousands more.
Unions and labour rights groups gathered brand labels of the clothes produced in the destroyed factories from the rubble and demanded that those brands contribute to the compensation fund for the victims and support broader reform measures.
However, brands’ lack of supply chain transparency was a key reason why the problems at Rana Plaza were not addressed before the point of catastrophe, says the HRW report.
Unions and labour rights advocates have alleged that a major German clothing brand KiK had production in factories in Rana Plaza.
KiK stated in a press release on April 2, 2014, that the company had “no direct business relation at the point of the accident” and, in a letter to Human Rights Watch, said that it had contributed to the compensation fund.
More than 1,100 people died when Rana Plaza complex, which housed several RMG factories, collapsed in April, 2013. Photo: bdnews24.com
A devastating fire broke out at the factory of Tazreen Fashions Ltd in November 2012, which left over hundred workers dead. Photo: bdnews24.com
According to the Clean Clothes Campaign, in December 2012 KiK acknowledged having produced garments in Tazreen, and on April 2013, KiK joined with a number of other brands in pledging to pay funds into a compensation fund for victims of the Tazreen fire.
The families of victims of a factory fire that killed 262 persons at the Ali Enterprises factory in Karachi, Pakistan, in September 2012 have brought a lawsuit against KiK in German courts alleging that the company’s garments were being produced in the factory at the time, and seeking compensation.
Under the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, companies have a responsibility “to prevent or mitigate adverse human rights impacts that are directly linked to their operations, products or services by their business relationships, even if they have not contributed to those impacts.”
The UN guidelines also state that “where business enterprises identify that they have caused or contributed to adverse impacts, they should provide for or cooperate in their remediation through legitimate processes.”
“German clothing brands should be leading the way globally in demanding their suppliers respect workers’ rights and that factory environments meet international standards for safety,” Michalski said. “For their part, German shoppers should demand that brands make it clear where products are made and under what conditions so they can make fully informed consumer decisions.”