Published: 2017-08-09 20:50:25 BdST
Shortly after bowling India to a comprehensive victory in the Colombo Test on Sunday that gave the tourists an unassailable 2-0 series lead, Jadeja was suspended for the Pallekele match having accumulated six demerit points inside a 24-month period.
During Sri Lanka's second innings, Jadeja fielded a ball off his own bowling and threw it at batsman Malinda Pushpakumara "in a dangerous manner", according to the on-field umpires.
The 23-year-old Patel, like Jadeja a left-arm spinner, has played 30 one-day internationals and must beat left-arm wrist-spinner Kuldeep Yadav to the second spinner's place to make his Test debut in the dead rubber.
Jadeja is currently the top ranked Test bowler as well as top Test all-rounder but Ravichandran Ashwin remains India's spin spearhead.