Bangladesh lifted 8 million from poverty in six years: World Bank

  • News Desk,
    Published: 2019-10-07 16:35:09 BdST


About eight million people in Bangladesh have exited poverty between 2010 and 2016, the World Bank says in a new report.

The country has progressed significantly in reducing poverty and improving living conditions, mostly driven by labour income, according to the report, Bangladesh Poverty Assessment.

That’s not entirely a happy trend. 

The report launched on Monday shows that robust economic growth continued driving poverty reduction, but at a slower rate. Since 2010, while the pace of economic growth increased, the rate of poverty reduction declined. 

“The progress that Bangladesh has made in reducing poverty in the last decade is remarkable,” said Mercy Tembon, World Bank’s country director for Bangladesh and Bhutan.

“But, with one out of four people still living in poverty, the country needs to do more, especially in addressing the new frontiers of poverty. For example, tackling urban poverty is critical since at current trends more than half of the poor in Bangladesh is projected to live in the urban areas by 2030.”

During the same period, rural areas accounted for about 90 percent of the poverty reduction in the country. There was little poverty reduction in urban areas and the share of urban people living in extreme poverty remained the same. This has slowed the national progress in poverty reduction.

Industry and services, not agriculture, mostly led poverty reduction in rural areas. Agriculture growth was slower and less poverty reducing than before.

In urban areas, manufacturing, in particular the garments sector, led the poverty reduction. However, slowing down of job creation in manufacturing limited the share of families who could benefit. Also, poverty rates among self-employed in the service sector increased, creating a setback on urban poverty reduction.

“The report highlights that traditional drivers of poverty played a role, but also notes the limits of some of these drivers in bringing about progress,” said Maria Eugenia Genoni, the World Bank’s senior economist and report co-author.

“Further, to achieve its vision of upper middle-income country by next decade, Bangladesh can build on its own experience of innovative policy experimentation to tackle poverty in a more sophisticated and urbanised economy.”

Since the country is facing new and re-emerging frontiers of poverty reduction—urban poverty and a re-emerging east-west divide—the report advocates that by adopting traditional and fresh solutions, Bangladesh can reduce poverty faster.

Finance Minister AHM Mustafa Kamal was the chief guest at the event, where the policy makers, civil society, private sector and media representatives joined.