Published: 2021-12-03 13:48:09 BdST
Environmental police in the town of Brotas, some 150 miles (250 km) from the capital of Sao Paulo, responded to reports of malnourished and mistreated animals on the Sao Luiz da Agua Sumida farm last month.
Officers found 667 animals abandoned in a confined area and many more carcasses, according to a copy of the police report.
"I arrived here, it was a war scene," said Maurice Vidal, a veterinary doctor responsible for the ongoing emergency care. "There were many animals, many animals extremely debilitated and fallen," he said, estimating up to 500 buffalos had since been found dead on the property.
The farm's owner, Luiz Augusto Pinheiro de Souza, could not be reached for comment.
In an interview with Globo TV, Souza denied any wrongdoing, saying there was food and water for the animals and some had died of natural causes.
Volunteer Juliana Fraga lies down with a female malnourished buffalo in treatment at a farm where Environmental Police found hundreds of mistreated buffaloes in Brotas, Sao Paulo state, Brazil December 1, 2021. Reuters
According to the environmental police report, authorities levied a fine of more than 2 million reais ($360,000) for environmental violations.
An environment agency spokesperson said on Thursday that civil police are also investigating, which could result in further charges.
After volunteers claimed Souza was hampering their rescue efforts, a judge in Brotas ruled that 50 people, including veterinarians protected by local police, could work on the farm, according to a copy of the ruling.
Larissa Maluf, from a non-profit group called the Brazilian Vegetarian Society, said the owner of the farm leased part of it to grow crops, reducing the animals' food supply.
"The owner of the farm decided to lease to soybeans and with that he was leaving the space for these animals smaller and smaller," she said.